The Federal Information Processing Standard 140-2 (FIPS 140-2) describes US Federal government requirements that IT products should meet for sensitive, but unclassified use. The standard is published by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and is required by all non-military agencies of the United States Government. This standard is also widely used by many other organizations outside of the government.
The standard defines the security requirements that must be satisfied by a cryptographic module used to secure unclassified information. There are four levels of security: from Level 1 (lowest) to Level 4 (highest). These levels are intended to cover the wide range of potential applications and environments in which cryptographic modules might be deployed. The security requirements cover areas related to the secure design and implementation of a cryptographic module.
The Centrify agent can be configured to use FIPS-compliant encryption so that a managed computer can successfully join a domain that is FIPS 140-2, Level 1, compliant.