Application rights allow users to run specific applications using either another user account or using their own credentials but with the privileges of an Active Directory or built-in group.
When you create an application right, you specify one or more application executable files to which you want to control access. The capability to specify more than one executable file in a single application right takes into account situations in which one application might reside in different locations on different computers. For example, the executable file for SQL Server Management Studio resides in different locations in Windows 2005, Windows 2008, and Windows 2012. By specifying all instances of the executable file in one application right, you can use that application right to control access to SQL Server Management Studio on computers running any of those operating systems.
You can also use Centrify application utilities to allow access to common administrative tasks such as software installation, network, and Windows feature management. For more information on using these utilities, see Using Centrify application utility rights
Note: Although it is possible to define different applications (for example, SQL Server Management Studio and Internet Explorer) in one application right, this is not a recommended practice. Instead, it is recommended that you create separate application rights for different applications.