Addressing the business problem of role-based security

Privilege management and role-based access controls are approaches to the basic business problem of securing an enterprise’s key computer systems and sensitive data. Restricting access based on a user’s role or specific job requirements can require you to make some difficult decisions about who has access to what and why access is granted or denied. These decisions also have the potential to disrupt user activity or existing business processes. Therefore, you should do thorough planning to identify the roles to implement, who should have permission to execute privileged commands, and who should have restricted access.

Defining the appropriate rights for users in different roles often requires negotiation with different groups in the organization to achieve the right balance of security and functional capability. Before implementing a solution, you should have these conversations and set expectations about what will change in the user’s environment.